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National church
(2,810 words)

1. Definition

The phrase shares the vagueness of it elements ‘nation’ and ‘church’. It is therefore not clearly definable legally or theologically, and scholars often use it descriptively (“efforts toward a national church”). In strict usage, it denotes an autonomously constituted church that embraces a nation (defined politically or ethnically) or is recognized by most of the nation’s members as “t…

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Klieber, Rupert, “National church”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 06 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_024557>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200128

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