Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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National theater
(1,011 words)

1. Concept

A national theater today is a highly renowned, often subsidized theatrical institution of a state or country, usually in its capital city. In the 18th and 19th centuries, however, it was a model venue for performances in the national language. The first institution endowed with this role as cultural policy was the Comédie Française (or Théâtre Français), founded in 1680 by King Louis XIV to merge the two leading Parisian troupes of actors and cultivate the wo…

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Ulrich, Claudia, “National theater”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 15 April 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_024582>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200128



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