Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Natural catastrophe
(6,384 words)

1. Introduction

A natural catastrophe is generally defined as an extreme event of natural origin that has a direct and destructive impact on people and areas of human settlement. Three basic types are distinguished by cause:

(1) Geotectonic natural events. These include, primarily, volcanic eruptions and earthquakes, and consequent  mass-wasting events (land…

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Rohr, Christian, “Natural catastrophe”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 06 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_024638>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200128

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