Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Navy
(874 words)

In the field of shipping, the early modern period began around 1450 with a new type of vessel, the caravel. A light ship developed in response to the needs of the Portuguese voyages of discovery, its construction and rig permitted tacking, unlike the Mediterranean carrack or the hulk of northwestern Europe (cf. Shipbuilding). In the general insecurity of the seas, where friend and foe were difficult to distinguish and arbitrary action impossible to control (even for Goethe, war, commerce, and Piracy merged into one at sea, cf. Faust II, Act 5, premiere 1854), merchant ships wer…

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Petter, Wolfgang, “Navy”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 30 May 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_023701>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200128



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