Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Necessitas
(768 words)

1. Principles

The Latin term necessitas (Necessity) had various usages in the early modern period [1]. In everyday life, it took in a broad spectrum of basic needs, from concrete essentials, such as necessitas bibendi (“the need to drink”) and necessitas ad victum (“[things] necessary to life”; cf. German Notdurft, “basic need”; Sustenance), to abstractions, for example necessitas familiaritasque (“ties of amity and kinship”; Amicitia) or necessitas ultima (“death”) and extended senses, for e…

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Weber, Wolfgang E.J., “Necessitas”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 28 May 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_024703>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200128



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