Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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1. General

The term officer, French officier (from Middle Latin officiarius, “official, servant”) for military functionaries charged with leadership suggests their position as officeholders of a warlord. As Offizier, it spread in German-speaking territories after the turn of the 17th century.

The transition from mercenary leaders employed only for the limited period of a military campaign to military officeholders appointed for longer terms took place slowly and in parallel with the far f…

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Hohrath, Daniel, “Officer”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 03 October 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_024952>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200721

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