Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Official, civic
(689 words)

The holders of early modern civic offices regularly performed certain specific tasks for the city or town; for their work they received defined, regular remuneration (Civil servant). At the beginning of the period, in many towns civic officials took an oath of office when they were appointed, and in many places also annually; the oath referred in general terms to the duties of the incumbent. Beginning in the mid-17th century, the authorities (Sovereign power) increasingly issued regulations governing these offices, which defined the areas of responsibility of the …

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Blessing, Bettina, “Official, civic”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 01 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_018329>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200721

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