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Oriental Orthodox churches
(957 words)

The Oriental Orthodox churches are the Christian churches that broke away from the Roman imperial church in the 5th century because of disputes regarding Christology. They include the Coptic Orthodox Church, the Syriac Orthodox Church, the Armenian Apostolic Church, the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, and the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. These churches rejected the decisions of the Council of Chalcedon (451) regarding the two natures of Jesus Christ. Since they emphasized that there is only one nature in Christ, they were often called Monophysites in early…

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Oeldemann, Johannes, “Oriental Orthodox churches”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 18 October 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_025073>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200721



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