Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Orphanage
(840 words)

In most European countries, orphanages as specialized institutions, planned exclusively for the accommodation of children, originated in the last third of the 17th century, so that the century from 1650 to 1750 has been called the “age of orphanages” [3. 259]. Foundling hospitals can be seen as the precursors of orphanages; they had been widespread in Southern Europe, especially Italy and France, since the high Middle Ages. In German-speaking Europe, in the Middle Ages children were frequently accommodated in hospices (Hospital) along with other groups of the poor, th…

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Brandes, Katharina, “Orphanage”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 18 October 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_029981>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200721



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