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Patron saint, town
(732 words)

Sociologists and historians have traditionally answered the question of what is and is not a town by reference to the spheres of economics, law, and politics. Religion was considered of lesser importance. According to Max Weber, the primary role of religion was to secure the inner cohesion of the urban society, which he called a Kultverband (“cult association”) and a Sakralgemeinschaft (“sacred community”) in the same breath [16. 24]. Studies of the Italian city states have described the same conceptual complex in the rather more restrained terms of a religion civique or “c…

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Signori, Gabriela, “Patron saint, town”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 18 October 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_028086>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200721



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