Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Peace congress
(866 words)

A congress is a meeting of representatives of several states – at least three, in contrast to bilaterial negotiations. The goal of a congress is either to make peace or to avoid conflict (see Diplomacy; Peace negotiations). To this end, several – ideally all – of those involved meet at an agreed-upon venue. If agreement is reached, the result of the negotiations is recorded in a system of treaties called an “instrument.”

All the early modern peace congresses met while fighting was still going on. Before a congress could even meet, the parties involved had to agree…

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Ulbert, Jörg, “Peace congress”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 18 October 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_022512>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200721



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