Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

Get access

Peat
(1,077 words)

1. Basics

Peat is created in moors as a sediment of undecayed or incompletely decayed vegetation; it represents the first stage of coalification (Coal). The basic requirements for the formation of moors after the end of the last Ice Age (c. 12,000 BCE) were soils impermeable to water, large amounts of precipitation, and high atmospheric humidity. Moors therefore arose primarily in Northern Europe: the Baltic lands, Scandinavia, Russia, England, Irelan…

Cite this page
Bleidick, Dietmar, “Peat”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 18 October 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_028989>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200721



▲   Back to top   ▲