Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Penal system
(2,395 words)

1. Definition

A penal system is generally understood as the execution of punishment by official and especially state authorities as determined by criminal law and pronounced by a judicial instance (Sovereign power; on sanctions imposed by other instances, such as the family, Church, military, and poorhouses etc., cf. Punishment). In general, a distinction may be drawn between the execution of punishments generally a…

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Henze, Martina, “Penal system”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 27 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_028368>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200721

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