Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(1,062 words)

1. Prior history

The etymology of the word (Latin per fumum, “by means of smoke”) indicates the origin of perfume: incense. In modern usage, perfume is understood as a mixture of ethyl alcohol and essential oils that produce fragrance [11]. Until the 20th century, plant and animal substances formed the raw materials for its manufacture. Archaeology has an important role to play in the study of historical pe…

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Chapuis-Després, Stéphanie, “Perfume”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 30 January 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_025263>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200721

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