Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Personal freedom
(3,430 words)

1. Concept

The estatic society and authority systems of Europe in the Middle Ages and early modern period (Estates of the realm) recognized numerous gradations of legal capacity and limitations on freedom of action, some of which would only be abolished in the 19th century. These reached the extreme of a condition of personal unfreedom pertaining to certain per…

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Klippel, Diethelm, “Personal freedom”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 29 November 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_025424>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200721

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