Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Petite bourgeoisie
(2,004 words)

1. Definition

The French term petite bourgeoisie (English lower middle class[es]; German Kleinbürgertum; see 4.2. below) came into use in the early 19th century. For the period from the early 19th to the early 20th century, it denotes primarily the segment of the European bourgeoisie made up of craftsmen, tradesmen, innkeepers, low-level civil servants, and (in part) skilled factory workers. There were two defining factors for membe…

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Fahrmeir, Andreas, “Petite bourgeoisie”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 18 October 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_022280>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200721



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