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Philanthropism
(989 words)

1. Concept and origins

Philanthropism (from the Greek philanthropía, “humaneness,” “benevolence [towards humans]”; current from Plato on) has referred since the early 19th century to a theory of education rooted in the Enlightenment. It came to maturity in the 1760s in northern Germany and Denmark, after being developed gradually – beginning in 1752 – by Johann Bernhard Basedow, Johann Andreas Cramer, and Martin Ehlers, pedagogues working chiefly in S…

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Overhoff, Jürgen, “Philanthropism”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 18 October 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_025508>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200721



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