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Physical sciences
(9,529 words)

1. Concept

Among the many meanings of the Greek word physis (Latin natura), the most important was in reference to the sphere of things that carry the origin of their being and their drive to change within themselves. This sphere is distinct from that of the planned, purposeful arrangement of things by people, known as téchne (Latin ars; Aristot. Phys. 2,1; 2,8), and the two still fo…

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Steinle, Friedrich, “Physical sciences”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 29 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_025551>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200721

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