Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(945 words)

1. Medieval roots

Since the high Middle Ages, besides independent physicians (medicus) there were also physicians employed by secular and ecclesiastical princes, monasteries, and urban administrations who served their employers directly. They were given the Latin title physicus (informed about nature). The distinction, sometimes still vague, between the general medical duties of a medicus and the special duties of a physicus (similar to Latin physica and medicina for medicine) was probably f…

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Eckart, Wolfgang Uwe, “Physicus”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 06 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_025544>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200721

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