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Physiology
(2,263 words)

1. Definition

Today physiology (from Greek phýsis and lógos, “theory of nature,” “nature study”) is a subdiscipline of biology and medicine: the theory of the physical, biochemical, and information-processing functions of living beings [6]. This meaning contrasts with its meaning in Greek antiquity (Greek physiológos, “expert in natural philosophy”). At th…

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Eckart, Wolfgang Uwe, “Physiology”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 28 October 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_025574>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200721



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