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Pig
(871 words)

The domestic pig is a descendent of the European and Asiatic wild boar (Latin sus scrofa). Domestication came about in many places in Asia and Europe beginning in the 8th millennium BCE [2. 248, 255]. Until the introduction of modern breeding efforts at the end of the 19th century, domestic pigs were 20% to 30% smaller than their wild ancestors, both because of their inferior nutritional situation (modificatory effect) and the diminished reproductive capacity of weaker animals (genetic effect) [9. 475]; [2. 42 f.] (Animal breeding). In the Middle Ages and early modern perio…

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Regnath, R. Johanna, “Pig”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 18 October 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_027295>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200721



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