Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(907 words)

1. General

Piracy, as old as sea trade itself, expanded to become a global phenomenon at the beginning of the early modern period, with the exploitation of the oceans during 16th-century European expansionism. The first French, English, and Dutch seafarers who challenged the Iberian claims to monopoly and plagued the New World with raids were tradesmen, smugglers, and pirates rolled into one, so that they could also be called commercial corsairs. The economic damage done by corsairs like Richard Hawkins and Diego In…

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Kempe, Michael, “Piracy”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 06 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_025594>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200721

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