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Plants, medicinal
(820 words)

2. Non-European

Asian spices were valued in Europe since the Middle Ages not only as recreational stimulants but also for their prophylactic and therapeutic effect [4. 107–110]. With the opening of a sea route to India in the 16th century, the Portuguese gained direct access to the Asian markets for spices and medicinal plants which previously had been imported to Europe via Venice (Maritime trading routes). At the same time – like the Spanish in America …

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Häberlein, Mark, “Plants, medicinal”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 08 March 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_020815>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200721



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