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Poland, Partitions of
(1,211 words)

1. Background

The three Partitions of Poland (more correctly, of the dual realm of Poland-Lithuania) in 1772, 1793, and 1795 – dates that also marked watersheds for the subsequent history of the Polish nation – can be understood only against the backdrop of shifting constellations of power in a period when Tsarist Russia was seeking to establish its place among the Great Powers and Revolutionary France was unnerving the traditional monarchies of Europe (see Europe 5.3.).

The …

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Gabriel, Martin, “Poland, Partitions of”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 23 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_028720>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20200721

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