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Priesthood
(1,747 words)

1. Terminology

The English word priest, like its equivalents in other Western European languages (French prêtre, German Priester, Italian prete), goes back etymologically to Church Latin presbyter (from Greek presbýteros, “elder”). Its semantic content varies. In general religious studies and in English translations of the Old Testament, the term priest denotes a religious specialist or functionary, especially in the sphere of the cult (pries…

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Walter, Peter, “Priesthood”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 26 May 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_025862>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20210107



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