Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Prison reform
(733 words)

The discipline known as Gefängniskunde (prison studies) was founded in the 1820s by the Hamburg physician Nikolaus Heinrich Julius [2]. This represents the German variant of the European and North American prison reform discourse of the late 18th and 19th centuries to which recent scholarship has paid some attention [5]; [3]; [6]. The approximate period between 1770 and 1810 may be characterized as a preparatory phase, during which the question of conditions in prisons first entered a broader public consciousness. Against the backdrop of evolving conceptions of criminal …

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Henze, Martina, “Prison reform”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 05 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_019678>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20210107

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