Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(1,276 words)

1. Terminology and theoretical concepts

Despite the omnipresence of privies and the ordinariness of “nature’s call,” for the Middle Ages and early modern period this topic has usually been addressed only in popular science. Most discussions are based on isolated sensational pieces of evidence and usually assume that the residents of medieval cities and towns disposed of feces and urine in the streets or emptied chamber pots from their windows [11. 19 f., 29–4…

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Reith, Reinhold, “Privy”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 07 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_030951>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20210107

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