Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(750 words)

1. Terminology

In the Middle Ages, high imperial officials, administrative leaders in the North Italian city states, the chief representatives of the early universities in Italy and France, the heads of Latin schools, and high clerics were called rectores (from Latin regere, “direct,” “lead”). In the early modern period, this official title was kept primarily in institutions of higher education and ecclesiastical administration, for example, the heads of secondary churches or religious orders (Order …

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Wallentin, Stefan, “Rector”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 29 May 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_026491>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20210107

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