Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Reform movements beyond Europe
(1,418 words)

1. General remarks

In the early modern period, societies outside Europe were subject to constant change – like all societies in historical processes. Initiatives focused on social changes can be interpreted as political, social, and economic reforms; they were both responses to internal crises and reactions to external influences, if not structural changes occasioned by conquest or large-scale migrations. Reforms also frequently took on a religious guise. In the context of increasing European in…

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Bley, Helmut, “Reform movements beyond Europe”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 04 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_026303>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20210107



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