Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(12,033 words)

1. Historical survey

1.1. Terminology and early modern interpretation

Since the mid-19th century, Reformation (from Latin reformatio, “restoration,” “transformation”) has been a specialized term for one side of the 16th-century events that tore Western Christendom apart into mutually antagonistic confessional churches; its antonym, denoting the other side, is Counter-Reformation.

Previously the term had carried the general meaning of “ref…

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Wendebourg, Dorothea, Schilling, Johannes, Strohm, Christoph, Null, John Ashley, Friedrich, Martin, Bremer, Kai, Talkner, Katharina and Hecht, Christian, “Reformation”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 21 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_026293>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20210107

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