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Revolution
(8,639 words)

1. Introduction

A French aristocratic catechism of 1791 answered the question “What is a revolution?” as follows: “It is the insurrection of those who have nothing against those who have something, and the rebellion of subjects against the King” (“C’est l’insurrection de ceux qui n’ont rien contre ceux qui ont quelque chose, et les rébellions des sujets contre le Roi”) [1. 11]. No, retorted a republican catechism: “It is the insurrection of the People against thei…

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Reichardt, Rolf, “Revolution”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 04 March 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_026671>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20210601



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