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Revolutions of 1848
(3,031 words)

1. Crisis factors

Outside France, the wave of revolutions that struck many European countries in 1848/49 became known in many of them as the “February Revolutions.” These cannot be described as a “continental revolution” of Europe, because they did not affect Russia, Scandinavia, the Netherlands, Belgium, or Spain; they did share many structural hallmarks, however, and thus constitute a type of European revolution [14]; [26].

The first factor in common was the cr…

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Reichardt, Rolf, “Revolutions of 1848”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 29 May 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_019163>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20210601

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