Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(1,359 words)

1. Historical background

In 1978, the World Health Organization defined rheumatic diseases as “Diseases of the connective tissue and painful disorders of the locomotor system, all of which can lead to the development of chronic symptoms.” The path leading to this definition goes all the way back to classical antiquity. In the 5th century BCE, Empedocles already used the Greek word rheúma (stream, flow) for “streams” within the body and the diseases they caused. The Hippoc…

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Gadebusch-Bondio, Mariacarla, “Rheumatism”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 09 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_026723>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20210601

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