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Rhine Crisis
(1,011 words)

The Rhine Crisis, which brought Europe to the brink of war between France and the German Confederation in 1840, arose from French demands for revisions to the treaties agreed at the Congress of Vienna in 1814/15 in general (Vienna, Congress of), and specifically for the return to French rule of the territories on the left bank of the Rhine. The real origins of the crisis, however, lay not in Europe, but in the Ottoman Empire. Sultan Maḥmūd II’s appointee as Viceroy of Egypt, Muḥammad ‘Alī (Mehmet Ali Paşa), spent the 1830s striving against the wishes of his overlor…

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Gabriel, Martin, “Rhine Crisis”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 10 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_026717>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20210601

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