Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(963 words)

1. Concept and history

The Rota (often Rota Romana) gradually emerged in the 13th century as the court of law of the papal Curia (see Papacy) [9. 36 f.]; [4. 1193]; [8. 222]. Rota was not its official name, but became current in the 14th century. It probably derived from the wheel-shaped marble inlay in the floor of the hall of the papal palace at Avignon in which the judges of the court assembled for consultations [8. 226]. The popes began appointing clerics with legal expertise …

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Schlinker, Steffen, “Rota”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 02 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_026823>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20210601

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