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The rouble (Russian rubl’) is the traditional Russian unit of currency. In the 13th and 14th centuries, the term first applied to 200 g silver ingots, which were standard weights and payment units. Roubles were not yet minted, but served as accounting units in the Russian princedoms.

In Moscow, the rouble was first used only as a large unit of account equivalent to 200 denga. The Russian currency reform of 1534, instigated by Yelena Glinskaya, mother of Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible), established a harmonizing relationship between the coinage of Moscow, Nov…

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Schneider, Konrad, “Rouble”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 29 May 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_026831>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20210601

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