Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(900 words)

1. Runners and “forerunners”

This article deals with running in the sense of a rapid movement on foot as a special skill acquired by training; its spread, purpose, and assessment changed over the course of the early modern period. As an instrumental skill, running was performed primarily by messengers, who conveyed news between communities, monasteries, courts, universities, or merchants (Messenger service). With the spread of the mail system, t…

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Mallinckrodt, Rebekka von, “Running”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 29 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_023163>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20210601

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