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Russia trade
(1,380 words)

1. Trade with the West

In the Middle Ages and early modern period, the Russia trade comprised mainly the commerce of Western European countries with Russia – from the 12th century on with the principality of Novgorod, then from the 16th century on with the principality of Moscow, and finally in the 18th and 19th centuries with Tsarist Russia (Russian Empire). From the 12th through the 16th centuries, the merchants of the Hanseatic League traded with Novgorod. For a long time, Russia e…

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Veluwenkamp, Jan Willem, “Russia trade”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 05 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_026856>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20210601

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