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Sacramentals
(897 words)

Sacramentale (Medieval Latin, from Latin sacramentum; “pertaining to a sacrament”) is a term first documented in the 12th century to denote actions closely related to a sacrament in the narrow sense – for example, catechesis (Catechism) and exorcism (prayer to expel evil) at baptism – which had formerly been called sacraments; it was already in use by Peter Lombard (Liber sententiarum, book 4, dist. 6, cap. 7, c. 1150). Since his Sentences remained the standard theological textbook well into the 16th century, this terminology became established.

At the same time, a nuanced…

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Walter, Peter, “Sacramentals”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 21 January 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_026902>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20210601



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