Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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Scholar
(908 words)

1. Definition

The term scholar used for scientists and other learned people from the late Middle Ages to the mid-19th century points to the constitutive role university teaching played in scholarly endeavor. Until well into the 18th century, Latin terms like scholasticusvir doctus, and eruditus predominated. The slow differentiation of the scholar from the clerical estate is illustrated by the word clerc employed in the French Middle Ages. Other terms that came into inc…

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Häseler, Jens, “Scholar”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 08 December 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_019816>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20210601



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