Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(11,708 words)

1. General survey

1. Definition and function

Today the word school (from Latin schola, from Greek scholḗ, “freedom from tasks”; see Leisure) denotes a public or private institution charged with using systematic instruction to convey knowledge, insight, and the ability to reach reasoned conclusions – primarily to children and adolescents, but also to adults. The functions of a school thus involve the acquisition of qualifications, adaptation to socio-cu…

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Bruning, Jens, Lohmann, Ingrid, Nolte, Hans-Heinrich and Reichmuth, Stefan, “School”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 01 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_027249>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20210601

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