Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

Get access

(1,120 words)

1. Use

Ever since antiquity, the screw, together with the lever, the wedge, the pulley, and the inclined plane, constituted the group of so-called simple machines; in the 3rd century BCE, Archimedes described it correctly as an inclined plane wrapped around a cylinder. The slanted wooden water screw, called an Archimedes’ screw though he did not invent it, was used for transferring water until the late 19th century (Hydraulic engineering; see Perpetual motion, fig. 1) [7]; [13. 9–32]. The wooden threaded shaft, in use in lat…

Cite this page
Troitzsch, Ulrich, “Screw”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 20 March 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_027197>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20210601

▲   Back to top   ▲