Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(1,507 words)

1. General survey

In the history of writing, scribes were for centuries the only active exponents of written culture (Literacy and orality). Although many private individuals in classical antiquity were literate and composed texts, it was the professional scribes who guaranteed the survival of written documents. From antiquity to well into the early modern peri…

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Haarmann, Harald, “Scribe”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 05 June 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_027201>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20210601

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