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Secularization, church
(823 words)

One consequence of the general secularization underway in the late 18th and 19th centuries was a process that in German came to be known around 1800 as Entkirchlichung (approx. “dechurching”), and that may be characterized as a secularization of and within the churches themselves.

Around the year 1800, European scholars were engaged in intensive debate, as part of a broad discourse on the practical religious consequences of the Enlightenment, the radical anti-Catholicism and anti-clericalism of the French Revolution (1789), and the formation of a new bourgeois public sphere, …

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Graf, Friedrich Wilhelm, “Secularization, church”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 27 January 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_018794>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20210601



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