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Sewage, disposal of
(1,056 words)

Since the 13th century, water and cleanliness had been considered marks of urbanity in Europe north of the Alps. Ever since then, sewage disposal had been perceived as a public responsibility, especially in the larger cities and towns [6]. As the technical and theoretical literature of the 13th through the 15th centuries already shows, people knew about the connection between water quality and health, but as a consequence of the dominant ideas of humoral pathology, they initially sought to protect the air from toxic miasmas [4]. Until around 1850, therefore, the focus r…

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Fouquet, Gerhard, “Sewage, disposal of”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 22 February 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_019103>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180208

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