Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(829 words)

1. Terminology and early history

Generally speaking, the word sluice (German Schleuse, Dutch sluiz, Spanish esclusa, Italian chiusa, French écluse) denotes a controlled outlet; in medieval usage, it could also mean a mill stream, dam, or weir. In hydraulic engineering (“hydrotechnology”), a shipping sluice (more commonly called a lock) is a connecting link between two stretches of water with different levels (see Canal). By raising and lowering floating ships, the ef…

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Schinkel, Eckhard, “Sluice”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 04 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_027111>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180208

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