Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

Get access

Smelter smoke
(1,328 words)

1. The concept

Ever since the late Middle Ages, industrial air pollution and its effects on human health and the natural environment have been a central theme of urban public health policy. The focus of attention was often on industries that worked with noxious, putrid plant and animal material (e.g. soap and leather production). According to contemporary medical theory (also common among laity), such operations released so-called miasmas. From the earliest me…

Cite this page
Stolberg, Michael, “Smelter smoke”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 04 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_021185>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180208

▲   Back to top   ▲