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Smelting, by-products of
(689 words)

Besides the production of metals like iron, lead, copper, tin, and precious metals, as well as the important copper alloys bronze and brass, operations called smelters – associated with mining and metal smelting (Metal) – produced byproducts of various kinds and engaged in various specialized activities, for example, the production of arsenic. In the industrial age, these forms of production tended to be associated with the chemical industry instead.

Sulfur, for example, was produced from the ores of the Rammelsberg near Goslar on the edge of the Harz begin…

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Bartels, Christoph, “Smelting, by-products of”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 20 July 2024 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_SIM_021184>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180208

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