Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(2,660 words)

1. Concept

The word “soldier” entered Middle English from the French soudier, meaning “one who performs military service for pay” (Late Latin soldarius, from soldus/solidus, a gold coin; compare Spanish soldado, Italian soldato, German Soldat). The German Soldat became generally established in the 17th century as a term for a man who bound himself to a warlord by service contract and an oath of enlistment, and who in return received regular pay (German Sold; MHG solt from the …

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Kroll, Stefan, “Soldier”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 30 September 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_027622>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180208

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