Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online

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(1,625 words)

1. Agriculture

Agricultural specialization in the Middle Ages and at the beginning of the early modern period as specialized production of agricultural products is best discussed in a regional rather than an operational context. Initially, physiographic features provided the impetus for agricultural specialization (Land use system; Ecotype). By the high Midde Ages, many regions not well suited to arable crops had already turned to animal husbandry. In the Alpine region and its foothills, so-called Schweighöfe were established,…

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Mahlerwein, Gunter and Reith, Reinhold, “Specialization”, in: Encyclopedia of Early Modern History Online, Editors of the English edition: Graeme Dunphy, Andrew Gow. Original German Edition: Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. Im Auftrag des Kulturwissenschaftlichen Instituts (Essen) und in Verbindung mit den Fachherausgebern herausgegeben von Friedrich Jaeger. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH 2005–2012. Consulted online on 07 December 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2352-0272_emho_COM_027774>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20180208

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